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Guar Gum (Galactomannan) is a high molecular weight carbohydrate polymer derived from the natural seed of guar plant (Cyampopis Tetragonolobus). Part of the seed is Hull (14-17%), Endosperm (35-42%), and germ (43-47%). Guar Gum is a polysaccharide consisting of a mannose backbone with a galactose side chain. The Galactose is randomly placed on the mannose backbone with the average ratio 1:2 of galactose to mannose. Guar Gum has a polymeric structure containing numerous hydroxyl groups, which are treated for manufacturing various derivatives used for special applications in various industries. The powder is off-white to yellowish in color depending on the quality of the seed. Neelkanth Polymers is located in Churu district of Rajasthan that is not only among the largest producers of guar but also among the highest quality guar crop producers.
Properties : The most important property of Guar Gum is its ability to hydrate rapidly in cold water to attain uniform and very high viscosity at relatively low concentrations. Another advantage associated with Guar Gum is that it is a soluble in hot/cold water and provides full viscosity in even cold water. Apart from being the most cost-effective stabilizer and emulsifier it provides texture improvement, and water-binding enhances mouth feel and controls crystal formation. It is inert in nature and is resistant to oil, greases, and solvents.
Production Process : Guar Gum is obtained by an automatic mechanical process in which first the seed is split into two halves and the hull and the germ is mechanically scraped off to obtain endosperm. The endosperm thus obtained is further purified and grounded into powder of required granulation and viscosity. Neelkanth Polymers' state-of-the-art plant is capable of producing several grades of guar gum ranging from very low to very high viscosity and from coarse to fine granulation.